Risk of imported Ebola virus disease cases to South Africa
The risk of infection for travellers is very low since most human infections result from direct contact with the body fluids or secretions of infected patients, particularly in hospitals (nosocomial transmission) and as a result of unsafe procedures, use of contaminated medical devices (including needles and syringes) and unprotected exposure to contaminated body fluids.
Since the current outbreak is reported in countries and areas which are not frequented by many tourists or travellers, the risk of EVD cases being imported into South Africa is low. However, healthcare or international agency workers etc. involved in the outbreak response may travel to and present in South Africa for medical care, and a high index of suspicion is important for such cases. A detailed history regarding travel and level of contact with suspected/confirmed EVD cases is extremely important.