Scientific Publications

August 14, 2018

Occupational emphysema in South African miners at autopsy; 1975-2014

Author SL Mabila, KS Almberg, F. Friedman, R. Cohen, N. Ndlovu, N. Vorajee and J. Murray Source Int Arch Occupational Environmental Health 2018 Jul 16. doi: 10.1007/s00420-018-1335-2 Summary Purpose:  To determine the associations between exposure duration, measured by employment tenure, and emphysema presence and severity in black and white South African miners at autopsy. Methods: We examined the association between mining tenure and emphysema presence or severity using the Pathology Automation (PATHAUT) database, 1975–2014. We used logistic regression models adjusted […]
August 14, 2018

Environmental and biological monitoring in the workplace: A 10-year South African retrospective analysis

Author P. Matatiele, L. Mochaki, B. Southon, B. Dabula, P. Poongavanum, and B. Kgarebe Source AAS Open Res 2018, 1:20 (doi: 10.12688/aasopenres.12882.1) Summary:  This report is an overview of requests for biological and environmental monitoring of hazardous chemicals, submitted to the National Institute for Occupational Health, Analytical Services Laboratory for testing from the years 2005 to 2015. The report discusses the nature of tests requested and implications for workers’ health and environment, as well as potential impact of the uncertainties associated with monitoring […]
August 14, 2018

Economic evaluation of safety-engineered devices and training in reducing needlestick injuries among healthcare workers in South Africa

Author P. de Jager, M. Zungu and RE Dyers Source S Afr Med J 2018; 108(6):477-483 Summary Background:  Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of contracting various communicable diseases. Needlestick injuries (NSIs) are a common mechanism of exposure. Training in basic universal precautions and utilisation of safety-engineered devices (SEDs) are interventions known to reduce the risk of NSI. Objectives: To assess the cost-utility of SEDs v. a training programme in universal precautions (TP) v. a combination strategy to reduce […]
August 14, 2018

Assessment of Biodurability of nanomaterials and their surface ligands series on the safety of manufactured nanomaterials

Author Environment Directorate- Joint Meeting of the Chemicals Committee and the Working Party on Chemicals, Pesticides and Biotechnology Source Env/JM/Mono (2018)11  
August 14, 2018

Four Decades of pulmonary tuberculosis in deceased South African miners: trends and determinants

Author N. Ndlovu, E. Musenge, SK Park, B. Girdler-Brown, G. Richards and J. Murray Source Occup Environ Med 2018;0:1–9 Summary Objective:  We investigated trends and determinants of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in deceased South African miners. Methods: Statutory autopsies are performed on miners for occupational lung disease compensation, irrespective of cause of death. Data were extracted from the PAT HAUT (Pathology Automation System) autopsy database. PTB trends were analysed and explanatory variables (year of autopsy, age at death, gold employment duration, […]