Hazards And Risks

Hazards and RisksHazard is the potential to cause harm. Risk on the other hand is the likelihood of that harm occurring.

Some health hazards in the workplace:

  • Physical
  • Non-ionising radiation
  • Ionising radiation
  • Noise and vibration
  • Heat, cold, humidity etc
  • Ergonomic:
    1. Posture
    2. Manual handling
    3. Movement etc
    4. Chemical
  • Chemical:
    1. Inorganic
    2. Organic
    3. Dusts
    4. Vapours
    5. Gases
  • Biological:
  1. Allergens of biological origin
  2. Infections
  • Psychological
  • Stress
  • Discrimination
  • Violence
  • Bullying etc


Some risks in the workplace:

  • Breathing high levels of dust in the workplace air without a respirator
  • Being exposed to high levels of noise without hearing protection
  • Handling untreated animal skins
  • Manually lifting heavy sacks of material for a large part of the workday
  • Being required to perform hard work in a hot environment

Continue to a simple model for performing a risk assessment.